Thursday, 19 February 2015 19:14

Yes, Virginia, the Banks Really Do Create Money Out of Nothing

Written by M. Oliver Heydorn
Rate this item
(1 Vote)

Just last year, the Bank of England openly admitted that the private banks are responsible for creating the bulk of the money supply out of nothing. This is significant, because although the truth about the bank creation of money has been floating around in the public forum for at least the last one hundred years (largely due to the efforts of C.H. Douglas and others), some bankers and economists have denied this reality (while others, like Reginald McKenna, have been quite open about it) [1]. Even today, there are many people, including many politicians, who are blissfully unaware and/or seriously misinformed regarding the origin of our money supply.

In the Bof E-document "Money Creation in the Modern Economy" (Cf. money-creation-in-the-modern-economy.pdf) the relevant facts are presented in the paper's overview as follows:

In the modern economy, most money takes the form of bank deposits. But how those bank deposits are created is often misunderstood: the principal way is through commercial banks making loans. Whenever a bank makes a loan, it simultaneously creates a matching deposit in the borrower’s bank account, thereby creating new money.

Whenever banks make loans, i.e., whenever they purchase the IOU's or promissory notes of firms, governments, or individuals, or buy securities, or pay their own operating costs, they create new money in the form of bank credit. This bank credit exists in the form of intangible, electronic numbers. In the typical industrial country, 95% or more of the money supply exists in the form of bank credit and most of that credit is created alongside a corresponding volume of interest-bearing debt (or debt equivalent). Only 5% or less exists in the form of notes and coins, or currency.

The Bank of England has also explained the basic nature of our money supply in the following video:

 

 

The bank creation of the bulk of our money supply is something that should be openly admitted by the banks and it should be part of the population's general knowledge. It bears repeating: banks do not lend other people's deposits. Instead, every loan and every bank purchase creates a deposit, or brand new money.

Now, it is easy, on the basis of this startling revelation, to believe that the main problem with the existing financial system is the blunt fact that the banks create most of the money supply out of nothing. From a Social Credit perspective, however, this state of affairs should not be the centre of our concern. After all, someone, whether the banks, the state, or the banks in conjunction with the state, has to create the money supply. The main problem with the system has to do with the conditions under which our money is created, issued, and recalled, cf. Usury, Social Credit, and Catholicism.

In other words, the main issue has to do with policy: who controls the money supply and for what purposes?

Under the existing system, the money supply is largely controlled by the private banks and the conditions of its creation, issuance, and recall serve the interests of financiers at the expense of the legitimate interests of consumers.

Now, the solution to the private domination of the money supply is not to replace it with a total state or government monopoly control over money. The state could just as easily create, issue, and recall money in order to serve the interests of an oligarchic elite who had assumed control of the state if other financial and economic conventions were not changed. It is, above all, the terms which govern the operation of the money supply that need to be altered in favour of the individual.

In an honest monetary system, ie., one that accurately reflected the relevant realities, individual consumers would occupy the commanding heights of the economy and would, directly or indirectly (i.e., through a National Credit Office), control the conditions of money creation, issuance, and recall so as to ensure that their policy (i.e., the objective that is in line with their best interests) is properly promoted.

What is this alternative policy which the financial system (i.e., the banking and cost accountancy systems) should serve? Answer - The effective delivery of the desired goods and services with the least amount of effort and resource expenditure.

At present, the consumer tends to receive the least amount of goods and services in exchange for the greatest amount of effort and resource expenditure. Until the latter policy-objective is replaced by the former, there can be no genuine economic democracy and no real political democracy either.

 

-----

[1] At the annual meeting of shareholders of the Midland Bank on January 25th, 1924, Reginald McKenna, the chairman of that bank, gave a clear and succinct account of the credit-creation process:

The amount of money in existence varies only with the action of the banks in increasing or diminishing deposits. We know how this is effected. Every bank loan and every bank purchase of securities creates a deposit, and every repayment of a bank loan and every bank sale [of securities – OH] destroys one.

Reported in the San Bernardino County Sun on March 15th, 1924, page 24.
Cf. http://www.newspapers.com/newspage/49117643/ (accessed Oct. 29, 2013). The date and place of this statement is provided by Crate Larkin in his book, From Debt to Prosperity. Cf. J. Crate Larkin, From Debt to Prosperity. (Rougemont, Québec: The Pilgrims of Saint Michael, 2008), 36.

 


 

The fact that the banks create the money they lend or otherwise issue out of nothing has been admitted by a number of other prominent bankers throughout the twentieth century. Here are just two further examples:

 

Responses of Graham F. Towers, Governor of the Bank of Canada from 1934-1955, to questions posed by Mr. McGeer during the May 3rd, 1939 meeting of the House of Commons Standing Committee on Banking and Commerce:

Q. But there is no question about it that the banks do create that medium of exchange?
– A. That is right. That is what they are there for.

Q. That is what they are there for and that is what they do. – A. Yes, they do.

Q. And they issue that form of medium of exchange when they purchase securities or
make loans? – A. That is banking business, just in the same way that a steel plant
makes steel.

Q. So that we are clear on this point that our merchant banks do create and issue 88 per
cent of the money medium of exchange in common use in Canada to-day? That is
correct, is it? – A. Roughly.

Standing Committee on Banking and Commerce, Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence Respecting the Bank of Canada, (Ottawa, J.O. Patenaude, I.S.O., Printer to the King’s Most Excellent Majesty, 1939), 287.

 

If all bank loans were repaid, no one would have a bank deposit, and there would not be a dollar of currency or coin in circulation. This is a staggering thought. We are completely dependent on the commercial banks. Someone has to borrow every dollar we have in circulation, cash or credit. If the banks create ample synthetic money we are prosperous; if not, we starve. We are absolutely without a permanent monetary system. When one gets a complete grasp upon this picture, the tragic absurdity of our helpless situation is almost incredible – but there it is.

Robert H. Hemphill, former Credit Manager of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, in his forward to Irving Fisher’s 1935 book, 100% Money. Cf. Irving Fisher, 100% Money (ThaiSunset Publications, 2011), Kindle edition.

Last modified on Friday, 23 March 2018 12:53

Leave a comment

Make sure you enter all the required information, indicated by an asterisk (*). HTML code is not allowed.

3 comments

  • Comment Link  Frank Isaacs Friday, 26 January 2018 19:43 posted by Frank Isaacs

    This simple astonishing fact is one that will not be seen in mainstream media, nor will it be aired in a federal election. The issue of the issuance and control of money supply was central to the American revolution in the late 18th century. Perhaps I was being somewhat naive to expect that our current prime minister would address the matter of the Bank of Canada being returned to its original legal franchise.

  • Comment Link  Bob Klinck Friday, 26 January 2018 19:42 posted by Bob Klinck

    So the banks create the money supply, but everywhere we see austerity policies being imposed on the excuse that there is not enough money to do more. Clearly the policy determining how money is "created out of nothing" by the banks is not one of maximizing the well-being of the members of society.

  • Comment Link  Jean-Nil Chabot Friday, 26 January 2018 19:42 posted by Jean-Nil Chabot

    An interesting video and a succinct response that bypasses the complexities inherent to a false system. I wished that the absurdity of a monopolized creation of money where the issue of credit in the form of money requires that more be refunded than is created so that the whole world owes itself to creators of "faith numbers" who has not even lifted a finger to produce the real wealth of this world.

Latest Articles

  • Et in Arcadia Ego – Douglas Social Credit and the Aristocratic Way of Life
    The notion and institution of the aristocracy is often portrayed today as a class of ostentatious, exploitative, and oppressive overlords. This is the modern sung narrative spun by the established media and socio-political order. While it may correspond as a description to some individual aristocrats and monarchs throughout history, it also applies to most modern elected politicians, businessmen, bankers and other financial heavy weights of the bourgeois class that govern the world today and keep the population truly in chains with a monopoly over the creation and control of credit or money and enforce upon them a state of servility and artificial scarcity. Major Clifford Hugh Douglas made this exact point in his publication The Big Idea: “I can imagine many readers, at this point, feeling the inclination to comment in accordance with the orthodox conception of a downtrodden peasantry rising spontaneously to rid themselves of a vicious tyranny. Like…
    Written on Saturday, 13 April 2019 22:36 Read more...
  • Free Market Follies
    Lately I have been reflecting on the views of the conventional economic ‘right-wing’, as represented by ‘neo-liberals’, adherents of the Austrian school of economics, ‘capitalists’, economic libertarians, and so forth. It seems that whenever someone suggests that radical changes need to be made to the reigning financial or economic model – a suggestion which, in essence, must be a plea for some kind of intervention on the part of the public authority – those who are more or less satisfied with the existing system and find themselves on the ‘right’ of the economic spectrum regard the suggestion quite reflexively as an intolerable attack on the free market and an affirmation of ‘socialism.’ I have found this attitude, and the rhetoric which often accompanies it, curious for four major reasons, reasons which I will want to outline in this article. The fourth critique that I will present is the most significant…
    Written on Thursday, 11 April 2019 20:34 Read more...
  • The Hydroelectric Dam and The Bottling Plant as Metaphors for Social Credit
    In this paper, two metaphors, that of a hydroelectric dam and of a water bottling plant, will be used to illustrate the Social Credit diagnosis of the ills that afflict the existing financial/economic order, the conventional methods that are employed to palliate its various symptoms, and, finally, Social Credit’s remedial proposals.
    Written on Saturday, 30 March 2019 12:27 Read more...